Disconnected Callback Life Cycle Hook in LWC

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Disconnected Callback Life Cycle Hook in LWC

Hello Trailblazers! Understanding the Lightning web components' life cycle hooks is crucial for developing efficient and responsive web applications. One such powerful but often overlooked life cycle hook is the Disconnected Callback. 

In this blog post, we will explore the significance of the Disconnected Callback and how it can be harnessed to enhance the performance of your LWC.

Understanding Life Cycle Hooks

Before delving into the specifics of the Disconnected Callback, let's briefly revisit the life cycle hooks in LWC. 

Life cycle hooks are methods that allow developers to execute custom logic at different stages of a component's life cycle. 

These hooks include constructor, connectedCallback, renderedCallback, errorCallback, and, of course, disconnectedCallback.

Disconnected Callback: A Closer Look

The disconnectedCallback is invoked when a component is disconnected from the DOM. This occurs when the component is removed or hidden from the view. 

Unlike the connectedCallback, which fires when a component is inserted into the DOM, the disconnectedCallback provides an opportunity to clean up resources, reset states, or perform any necessary actions before the component is detached.

Code Samples

Let's explore some practical examples to illustrate the application of the disconnectedCallback.

1. Cleaning Up Event Listeners:

export default class MyComponent extends LightningElement {
    connectedCallback() {
        // Add event listener when component is connected
        window.addEventListener('scroll', this.handleScroll);

    disconnectedCallback() {
        // Remove event listener when component is disconnected
        window.removeEventListener('scroll', this.handleScroll);

    handleScroll() {
        // Handle scroll events
        // ...

In the above example, the component adds a scroll event listener when connected and removes it when disconnected. This ensures that there are no lingering event listeners that could potentially lead to memory leaks.

2. Clearing Timers

export default class TimerComponent extends LightningElement {
    connectedCallback() {
        // Start a timer when component is connected
        this.timerId = setInterval(() => {
            // Perform periodic actions
            // ...
        }, 1000);

    disconnectedCallback() {
        // Clear the timer when component is disconnected

Here, the component sets up a timer when connected and clears it when disconnected. This prevents the timer from running indefinitely and consuming resources even when the component is no longer in view.

Caveats with disconnectedCallback

It's essential to be aware of certain caveats associated with the disconnectedCallback hook in Lightning Web Components. 

While it serves as a valuable tool for resource cleanup when a component is removed or hidden, there are scenarios where it won't be triggered. Let's explore these caveats in more detail:

1. Page or Browser Tab Closure:

The disconnectedCallback hook is not invoked when the entire page or browser tab is closed. This means that if your component relies on this hook for cleanup operations, those operations won't be performed when the user closes the page or tab.

2. Browser Page Refresh:

Similarly, when a user refreshes the browser page, the disconnectedCallback hook is bypassed. This behavior is important to note because if your component depends on this hook to release resources or perform specific actions during detachment, those actions won't be executed during a page refresh.

Understanding these caveats ensures that developers are conscious of the limitations of the disconnectedCallback hook in certain scenarios. 

It also encourages the exploration of alternative approaches and considerations for scenarios where cleanup is required beyond the capabilities of this specific life cycle hook.


The disconnectedCallback is a powerful tool in the hands of LWC developers for optimizing the performance of their web components. 

By leveraging this life cycle hook, you can ensure that your components release resources, unregister event listeners, and perform necessary cleanup actions when they are no longer needed.

Incorporating the Disconnected Callback into your development workflow can contribute to more efficient, responsive, and resource-friendly Lightning Web Components.

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